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Cardiology: Course, Career And Job Market

Cardiology is among the most valued specialties in Medicine. Learn more about the training and functions of this professional!


Cardiology is a specialization of Medicine that looks after the diagnosis and treatment of all diseases related to the heart and circulatory system. It is considered one of the most evolved medical specialties, mainly due to the significant investments and high technology involved.

Heart diseases are increasingly frequent and complex throughout the world, which increases the importance of the cardiologist’s work even more and guarantees attractive professional opportunities for those who pursue this career.

To work in Cardiology, you must first graduate in Medicine. See how this specialization works, the day-to-day career, and where to study with recognition from the Ministry of Education!

Specialization In Cardiology

If you intend to become a cardiologist, you should be prepared to study hard for a long time. First, you need to graduate in Medicine and then specialize in Cardiology. The duration of the Medicine course is six years. Specialization in Cardiology lasts, on average, two years.

The training is on-site and has an extended workload. In addition to studying particular disciplines, such as Echocardiography and Angiology, it involves frequent practical work. Throughout the course, hospitals, infirmaries, outpatient clinics, ICUs, and laboratories are constant.

What Is Studied In Cardiology?

The disciplines of the Cardiology specialization may vary according to the emphasis of each program. Among the most common subjects are:

  • medical history
  • Physical exam
  • arrhythmology
  • Radiology
  • Bioethics
  • Biostatistics
  • Echocardiography
  • Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Intensive Care
  • Basic Psychology
  • Heart diseases
  • Angiology
  • Semiology and General Diagnosis
  • Circulatory System Anatomy

What Does The Cardiologist Do?

A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in the cardiovascular system (heart, veins, and arteries). He works in diagnosing diseases, prescribing treatments and medications, conducting clinical and physical examinations, and interpreting the results of cardiac laboratory tests, such as electrocardiograms and echocardiograms.

The cardiovascular doctor near me is also dedicated to the rehabilitation of patients. It is your responsibility to advise on the adoption of healthier lifestyle habits and change behaviors considered harmful. Cardiology has evolved a lot in recent years. The deepening of studies, research, and practices in this profession has already led to the recognition of some subspecialties in the area, such as:

  • Arrhythmias and Clinical Electrophysiology
  • Pediatric Cardiology
  • Ischemic Heart Diseases
  • Echocardiography
  • Ergometry and Rehabilitation
  • Hemodynamics and Angiocardiography
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Valvulopathies

The rapid evolution of Cardiology makes physicians seek continuous updating, participating in congresses, conventions, and short courses. It is still possible to continue studying in a master’s or doctoral course after completing the specialization.

Labor Market

Throughout the graduation in Medicine and specialization in Cardiology, the effort is rewarded when looking for a place in the market. Anyone who graduates in Medicine finds work quickly.

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